The most prestigious Nobel Prize in the fields of literature, medicine, physics, chemistry, peace, and economics for the year 2014 have been announced. The Nobel prizes established in 1895 named after Swedish inventor Alfred Nobel. The prizes comprise of is a set of yearly worldwide awards handed out in a number of categories by Swedish and Norwegian committees to acknowledge the extraordinary contribution towards cultural and scientific developments. Read on for further details.
Each recipient, or laureate, receives a gold medal, a diploma with citation and The $1.1 million, which is decided by the Nobel Foundation. The prize is not awarded after death. A prize may be shared among more than three people. The Peace Prize is awarded in Oslo, Norway. Rests of the other prizes are awarded in Stockholm, Sweden. The 2014 Nobel Prizes will be distributed on December 10, 2014 which will mark the anniversary of prize founder Alfred Nobel’s death in 1896.
Here’s a complete list of winners across various categories:
1. The Nobel Prize in Physics 2014 (Isamu Akasaki, Hiroshi Amano and Shuji Nakamura)
The Physics prize has been awarded to a team of Japanese scientists for the invention of energy-efficient blue light-emitting diodes.
2. The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2014 (Eric Betzig, William Moerner and Stefan Hell)
The Nobel Prize in Chemistry has been given to researchers Betzig (United States), Moerner (United States) and Hell (Germany) for “developing the super-resolved fluorescence microscopes.”
3. The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2014 (US-British scientist John O’Keefe and Norwegian-born couple May-Britt Moser and Edvard Moser)
O’Keefe and the couple won the Nobel Prize in medicine mutually for the “advance accomplishment in brain cell research.”
4. The Nobel Prize in Literature 2014 (Patrick Modiano)
The French writer won the Nobel Prize in literature for his lifetime study of the Nazi occupation and its consequence on his country. He has written more than 40 books. Modiano’s ‘Missing Person’ won the Prix Goncourt. He also and co-authored the applauded film ‘Lacombe, Lucien.’
5. The Nobel Peace Prize 2014 (Kailash Satyarthi and Malala Yousafzai)
Both have won the Peace Prize mutually. Pakistan’s Yousafzai has played the role of an extraordinary bold teenage education campaigner shot on school bus in 2012 by a Taliban gunman. India’s Satyarthi is Electrical engineer and Indian children’s rights activist working particularly to stop child labor since he was 23.
6. The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 2014 (Jean Tirole)
French economist Jean Tirole has won the The Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences “for his outstanding work on market power and regulation.”
Congratulations to French professor Jean Tirole, who has been awarded the 2014 Nobel Prize in Economics! #nobelprize2014
— French Embassy U.S. (@franceintheus) October 13, 2014
Click here to read the press release of the 2014 Nobel Prize winners. And that’s MNG’s Update on 2014 The Nobel Prize winners. For more details on celebrities, TV shows and upcoming movies, stay tuned here on Movie News Guide (MNG).
Photo Source: Wikimedia Commons/AlphaZeta